IoA Seminar 2023 / 令和5年度(2023年度) 東京大学天文学教育研究センター談話会



東京大学・天文学教育研究センターでは2003年4月から談話会を開いています。 第一線で活躍されている研究者の方々を講師にお招きし、最先端の研究成果をお話しいただきます。 講師の方には、大学院生の参加者のことも考慮し、レビュー的な側面も含めた上で、ご自身の研究紹介をお願いしています。
なお、当談話会は天文学研究者・学生を対象に大学・大学院での 専門的な研究と教育を目的として開催されています。 一般の方は公開講座・講演会などにご参加いただければ幸いです。




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Upcoming Seminars

No. 403: 8 June 2023 (Thu) 15:30-16:30

Place: Lecture room, IoA 1st floor, the University of Tokyo

Speaker: 今井 正尭 (東京大学理学系研究科天文学教育研究センター) / Masataka Imai (Institute of Astronomy, the University of Tokyo)

Title: Observations of planetary-scale waves on Venus atmosphere

Language: Japanese

Abstract: The mystery of the fast-rotating atmosphere on Venus is well known as the name of the super-rotation. At the cloud top altitude of ~70 km, the super-rotation reaches 100 ms-1 and many types of atmospheric waves are found as periodical signals in winds and temperatures. Planetary-scale waves are one of the important clues that maintain the super-rotation by transporting angular momentum and heat. Imai et al. [2016] implemented long-term monitoring of the rotation period of planetary-scale UV features using a ground-based telescope. Two significant periodicities, at 5.1 and 3.5 days, should be manifestations of these planetary-scale waves (Rossby wave and Kelvin wave, respectively), which were subjected to temporal variations within several months. However, the temporal evolution of these variations remained largely unknown. On 7 December 2015, the Japanese Venus Climate Orbiter named Akatsuki successfully inserted the Venus orbit, and its exploration is still ongoing. The periodicities in the UV brightness and winds derived from cloud-tracking were analyzed throughout the entire observation, and dramatic evolutions of planetary-scale waves were revealed [Imai et al., 2019]. One of the prominent events was observed from June to October 2017, where a 5-day Rossby wave consisting of equatorially symmetric planetary-scale vortices with zonal wavenumber 1 had been captured. At the same time, planetary-scale temperature deviations associated with the 5-day wave were reconstructed for the first time from the Longwave Infrared Camera (LIR) images. By using cloud-tracked winds and brightness temperature measurements, angular momentum and heat fluxes induced by the 5-day wave were quantitatively estimated. While the origin of transient waves is still unclear, the poleward heat transport suggests that they can be related to upward propagating Rossby waves and/or baroclinic instability waves in the lower cloud layer. In this talk, I would like to introduce our research with the "history" of myself involved in planetary exploration missions based on my background in ground-based observations.

No. 404: 29 June 2023 (Thu) 15:30-16:30

Place: Lecture room, IoA 1st floor, the University of Tokyo

Speaker: 谷口 琴美 (国立天文台科学研究部) / Kotomi Taniguchi (Division of Science, NAOJ)

Title: Chemical complexity around massive young stellar objects revealed by ALMA

Language: Japanese

Abstract: Chemical composition around young stellar objects (YSOs) is an essential tool to investigate physical conditions and the history of star formation. Approximately 300 molecules have been detected in the interstellar medium so far. Some of them are categorized into complex organic molecules (COMs), and others are called carbon-chain molecules, which account for ~40% of the interstellar molecules. In this talk, I will present our recent work on chemistry on COMs and carbon-chain species around massive YSOs using ALMA. One topic is a study to investigate the formation processes of NH2CHO, a possible prebiotic molecule, using the ALMA Band 6 data toward 30 high-mass star-forming regions called the DIHCA project. Another topic is research to investigate chemical differentiation among carbon-chain species and nitrogen- and oxygen-bearing COMs using ALMA Band 3 data. We have proposed new carbon-chain chemistry around massive YSOs which we name Hot Carbon-Chain Chemistry (HCCC).


4032023年6月8日(木)今井正尭 (国立天文台・科学研究部)Observations of planetary-scale waves on Venus atmosphereS. Koyama
4042023年6月29日(木)谷口琴美 (国立天文台・科学研究部)Chemical complexity around massive young stellar objects revealed by ALMATBA


詳細はこちら: 令和5(2023)年度談話会

4022023年5月25日(木)Shinji Fujita (Institute of Astronomy, the University of Tokyo)Distance determination of molecular clouds in the Galaxy using deep learningM. Imai
4012023年4月20日(木)Yao-Lun Yang (Research Scientist, RIKEN)Complex chemistry in the era of JWST and ALMAK. Kohno
4002023年4月6日(木)Doug Johnstone (National Research Council Canada)What the Variability of Embedded Protostars Tells Us about Accretion: Past, Present, and FutureK. Kohno


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Last-modified: 2023-06-07 (水) 18:37:56